Small Southern Pine Engraver Biological Control
Ips avulsus (Eichhoff)
From: Frank, J. Howard and John L. Foltz, 1997, Classical Biological Control of Pest Insects of Trees in the Southern United States: A Review and Recommendations, USDA, FS, FHTET-96-20.
Native: AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, TX, VA, WV, Bahamas.
Resident natural enemies: Braconidae: Dendroster sulcatus Muesebeck -- FL, TX, and North; Spathius pallidus Ashmead -- GA, TX and North; Pteromalidae: Heydenia unica Cook and Davis -- GA, AL, NC, VA, WV, and North and West.
Biological control attempts: None known.
Biological control possibilities: See comments under Dendroctonus frontalis and Ips calligraphus.
[ Back ]