Pine Bark Beetles
Cooperative Extension Service, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, The University of Georgia Bulletin 1097, October 1993, 8 pp.
Belanger, R. P. And B. F. Malac. 1980. Silviculture can reduce losses from the southern pine beetle. USDA Agric. Comb. For. Pest Res. Develop. Prog. Handbook No. 576. 17pp.
Berisford, C. W. , U. E. Brady, V. R. Coleman, L. K. Kudon, T. S. Price, J. W. Taylor and G. D. Walker. 1983. Bark beetles of southern pines - identification and control. The Georgia Forestry Commission, Macon, GA. 14pp.
Billings, R. F. And H. A. Pase, III. 1979. A field guide for ground checking southern pine beetle spots. USDA Agric. Comb. For. Pest Res. Develop. Prog. Handbook No. 558. 19pp.
Coulson, R. N. And J. A. Witter. 1984 Forest Entomology - Ecology and Management. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 669pp.
Goyer, R. A., G. J. Lenhard, T. E. Nebeker and L. D. Jarrard. 1981. How to identify common insect associates of the southern pine beetle. USDA Agric., Comb. For. Pest Res. Develop. Prog. Handbook No. 563. 31 pp.
Karpinski, C., Jr., R. L. Hedden, R. P. Belanger and T. S. Price. 1984. Guidelines for managing pine bark beetles in Georgia. The Georgia Forestry Commission, Macon, GA. 61 pp.
McPherson, R. M. and G. K. Douce. 1992. Summary of losses from insect damage and costs of control in Georgia , 1991. Univ. of GA. Coll. Of Agr. Exp. Stn. Special Pub. No. 81. 65 pp. (Contains 1991 information. Data for previous years contained in reports referenced in the 1992 publication.)
Price, T. S. 1988. A guide to common forest pests in Georgia. The Georgia Forestry Commission, Macon, GA. 40 pp.
Price, T. S., C. Doggett, J. M. Pye and T. P. Holmes, eds. 1992. A history of southern pine beetle outbreaks in the southeastern United States. Sponsored by the Southern Forest Insect Work Conference. The Georgia Forestry Commission, Macon, GA. 65 pp.
SFIWC. Slides from series developed and maintained by the Southern Forest Insect Work Conference.
Swain, K. M., Sr. and M. C. Remion. 1981. Direct control methods for the southern pine beetle. USDA Agric. Comb. For. Pest Res. Develop. Prog. Handbook No. 575 15 pp.
Thatcher, R. C. and P. J. Barry. 1982. Southern pine beetle. USDA Agric. Forest Serv., Forest and Disease Leaflet No. 49. 7 pp.
Thatcher, R. C., J. E. Coster and T. L. Payne. 1978. Southern pine beetles can kill your ornamental pine. USDA Agric. Comb. For. Pest Res. Develop. Prog. Home and Garden Bull. No. 226 15 pp.
Thatcher, R. C., J. L. Searcy, J. E. Coster and G. D. Hertel (Eds.). 1980. The Southern Pine Beetle. USDA Forest Serv. Technical Bulletin 1631. 267 pp.
Photo credits: Figures 2, 8, 9, 11, 12;, NCSU Extension Service; Figures 3, 5, 6, SFIWC series; Figure 10, by Rodney Coleman.