Distinguishing Immatures of Insect Associates
of Southern Pine Bark Beetles
Southern Pine Beetle Handbook
United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Cooperative State Research Service, Southern Pine Beetle Handbook, Agriculture Handbook No. 641. October 1985.
The authors wish to thank Drs. C. Wayne Berisford, John Moser, Frederick Stephen, and Ms. Marita Lih and Mr. Gerald Wallis for useful suggestions in preparation of this guide. The support of our respective State agricultural (and forestry) experiment stations also is greatly appreciated.
All photos included in the publication are courtesy of the authors.
Developed by the University of Georgia Bugwood Network in cooperation with USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, USDA APHIS PPQ, Georgia Forestry Commission, Texas Forest Service
and the Pests and Diseases Image Library - Australia
Last updated August 2018
www.barkbeetles.org version 2.0