How to Identify Common Insect Associates
of the Southern Pine Beetle
Southern Pine Beetle Handbook
Richard A. Goyer, Gerald J. Lenhard - Department of
Entomology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
T. Evan Nebeker, and Linda D. Jarrard - Department of Entomology, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State.
United States Department of Agriculture, Combined Forest Pest Research and Development Program, Southern Pine Beetle Handbook, Agriculture Handbook No. 563. 1980.
In 1974 the U.S. Department of Agriculture initiated the Combined Forest Pest Research and Development Program, an inter-agency effort that concentrated on the Douglas-fir tussock moth in the West, on the southern pine beetle in the South, and on the gypsy moth in the Northeast. The work reported in this publication was funded in part by the Program. This handbook is one in a series on the southern pine beetle.
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Developed by the University of Georgia Bugwood Network in cooperation with USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, USDA APHIS PPQ, Georgia Forestry Commission, Texas Forest Service
and the Pests and Diseases Image Library - Australia
Last updated August 2018
www.barkbeetles.org version 2.0