How to Identify Common Insect Associates of the Southern Pine Beetle
Southern Pine Beetle Handbook
United States Department of Agriculture, Combined Forest Pest Research and Development Program, Southern Pine Beetle Handbook, Agriculture Handbook No. 563. 1980.
FormicidaeCrematogaster ashmeadi Mayer (fig 50): C. ashmeadi, like all ants found with SPB, are usually wingless. They are small (2.1-2.6 mm) brown insects with extremely narrow waists (gaster) and triangular abdomens. There are two spines on the propodeum.
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Platygastridae: Platygastrids are minute (1.0-1.3 mm) shiny black wasps with reduced wing venation much like chalcids. The antennae have 10 segments, and are attached very low on the face, next to the clypeus.
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Last updated August 2018
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