Identification and Biology of Southern Pine Bark Beetles
R.C. Thatcher – Program Manager, USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Integrated Pest Management Program, and
M.D. Connor – Entomologist, USDA Forest Service, Southern Region, Forest Pest Management.
Integrated Pest Management Handbook, USDA, Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook No. 634, March 1985.
In 1980, the Forest Service and the Cooperative State Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture initiated the Integrated Pest Management Research, Development, and Applications Program for Bark Beetles of Southern Pines. This research/applications effort concentrates on pine bark beetles and associated tree disease in the South. This is one in a series of Integrated Pest Management handbooks.
Connor, M.D.; Wilkinson, R.C. Ips bark beetles in the South. For. Insect & Disease Leafl. 129. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service; 1982. 7 p.
Merkel, E.P. Control of the black turpentine beetle. Ga. For. Res. Pap. 15. Macon, GA: Georgia Forestry Commission; 1981. 8 p.
Thatcher, R.C.; Barry, P.J. Southern pine beetle. For. Insect & Disease Leafl. 49. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service; 1982. 7 p.
Thatcher, R.C.; Searcy, J.L.; Coster, J.E.; Hertel, G.D., eds. The southern pine beetle. Tech. Bull. 1631. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service and Science and Education Administration; 1980. 266 p.
Wilkinson, R.C.; Foltz, J.L. Ips engraver beetles: identification, biology, and control. GA. For. Res. Pap. 35. Macon, GA: Georgia Forestry Commission; 1982. 10 p.
Developed by the University of Georgia Bugwood Network in cooperation with USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, USDA APHIS PPQ, Georgia Forestry Commission, Texas Forest Service
and the Pests and Diseases Image Library - Australia
Last updated August 2018
www.barkbeetles.org version 2.0