An Aerial Observer's Guide to Recognizing and Reporting Southern Pine Beetle Spots
Southern Pine Beetle Handbook
United States Department of Agriculture, Combined Forest Pest Research and Development Program, Southern Pine Beetle Handbook, Agriculture Handbook No. 560 - Issued April 1980
The procedures discussed in this handbook were developed primarily from information gathered on the Gulf Coast where SPB may be active throughout the year. Some of the recommendations may require modifications for effective use in other areas of the beetle's range, where there are fewer SPB generations per year and forest conditions are different. If questions arise, check with a Federal or State forest pest control specialist, who can tell you which, if any, of the recommendations are not applicable to your survey area.
Developed by the University of Georgia Bugwood Network in cooperation with USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, USDA APHIS PPQ, Georgia Forestry Commission, Texas Forest Service
and the Pests and Diseases Image Library - Australia
Last updated August 2018
www.barkbeetles.org version 2.0