Rating the Susceptibility of Stands to Southern Pine Beetle Attack
G.N. Mason - Research Coordinator, IPM RD&A Program for Bark Beetles of Southern Pines,
P.L. Lorio, Jr. - Project Leader and Supervisory Soil Scientist, Forest Insect Research, USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Pinesville, LA,
R.P. Belanger - Principal Silviculturist, USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Athens, GA, and
W.A. Nettleton - Entomologist, Forest Pest Management, USDA Forest Service, Southern Region, State and Private Forestry, Pineville, LA.
Integrated Pest Management Handbook, USDA, Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook No. 645, April 1985.
In 1980, the Forest Service and the Cooperative State Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture initiated the Integrated Pest Management Research, Development, and Applications Program for Bark Beetles of Southern Pines. This research/applications effort concentrates on pine bark beetles and associated tree diseases in the South. This is one in a series of Integrated Pest Management handbooks.
|Why Hazard Rate Forest Stands?|
|Improved Scheduling of Management Operations|
|Combined Forest Inventory and Pest Assessment|
|Reduced Outbreak Potential|
|Improved Scheduling of Control Operations|
|Improved Bark Beetle Survey Efficiency|
|Application and Evaluation|
|Methods of Application|
|Evaluation of Stand Rating Results|
|Selecting a Rating System|
Developed by the University of Georgia Bugwood Network in cooperation with USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, USDA APHIS PPQ, Georgia Forestry Commission, Texas Forest Service
and the Pests and Diseases Image Library - Australia
Last updated August 2018
www.barkbeetles.org version 2.0