A Field Guide for Ground Checking Southern Pine Beetle Spots
Southern Pine Beetle Handbook
United States Department of Agriculture Combined Forest Pest Research and Development Program - Agriculture Handbook No. 558 - Issued November 1979
The guidelines for setting control priorities on SPB spots resulted from research conducted by the Texas Forest Service (TFS). The photographs were provided by the TFS Forest Pest Control Section.
The authors appreciate the manuscript reviews and other assistance given by the State pest management specialists throughout the South and by Forest Insect and Disease Management, State and Private Forestry, Southeastern Area, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Developed by the University of Georgia Bugwood Network in cooperation with USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, USDA APHIS PPQ, Georgia Forestry Commission, Texas Forest Service
and the Pests and Diseases Image Library - Australia
Last updated August 2018
www.barkbeetles.org version 2.0